Normal Subgroups and Factor Groups

Normal subgroups are a powerful tool for creating factor groups (also called quotient groups). In this video we introduce the concept of a coset, talk about which subgroups are “normal” subgroups, and show when the collection of cosets can be treated as a group of their own. As a motivation, we will begin by discussing congruences.

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Abstract Algebra deals with groups, rings, fields, and modules. These are abstract structures which appear in many different branches of mathematics, including geometry, number theory, topology, and more. They even appear in scientific topics such as quantum mechanics.