Dihedral Groups
The Dihedral Group is a classic finite group from abstract algebra. It is a non abelian groups (non commutative), and it is the group of symmetries of a regular polygon. This group is easy to work with computationally, and provides a great example of one connection between groups and geometry.
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Abstract Algebra deals with groups, rings, fields, and modules. These are abstract structures which appear in many different branches of mathematics, including geometry, number theory, topology, and more. They even appear in scientific topics such as quantum mechanics.